Pet Ear Infections

closeup photography of brown puppy

Dogs and cats have an incredible sense of hearing. To protect their hearing and protect against damage to the ear drum, their ear canals are L-shaped. The problem with this design is that it allows the ears to trap parasites, moisture, debris, and earwax, and any of these can lead to ear infections. Up to 80 percent of ear problems in dogs are linked to allergies, and earmites are often the cause of infection in cats.

The traditional treatment for ear infections is to provide antibiotics, antifungal medications or other medications. The trouble with this method is that drugs upset the normal chemistry within the ear and may possibly turn a simple infection into a long-term problem. It makes more sense to deal with underlying allergies and strengthen the immune system so that it’s ready to fight bacteria and other germs until they cause infection. Also, there are lots of natural remedies for cleaning the ears and preventing infections without using medication.

These are the Signs of an Ear Infection:

*Pet shakes head or holds it to one side.

*Pet scratches or rubs ears, or rubs head against furniture or carpeting.

*There’s a yellow, brown or black discharge in one or both ears.

*Ears smell bad or are tender or red.

The Solutions

*Clean the ears with vinegar – If your pet’s ears are filled with brownish-pink wax, there is a fantastic chance that allergies have caused a yeast infection. To clear up yeast infections, clean the ears thoroughly. Veterinarians often recommend using white vinegar, also called acetic acid, because it removes dirt and debris and helps restore a healthy chemical balance in the ears.

Diluted vinegar works well. Do this once a day before the ear is better.

*Cease infections with pau d’arco – The herb pau d’arco, which comes from the inner bark of a South American tree, is a natural antibiotic which quickly kills fungi and bacteria. At the first sign of infection, mix equal parts pau d’arco tincture and mineral oil and put several drops in your pet’s ears. Give the drops two or three times daily for many days.

*Reduce inflammation with vitamin C – The adrenal glands produce a natural steroid that can help reduce inflammation when ears get infected. Giving pets vitamin C can help the adrenal glands work better. Pets weighing under 15 pounds can take between 100 and 250 mg of vitamin C each day. Cats and dogs 15 to 50 pounds can take 250 to 500 milligrams daily, and larger dogs can take 500 milligrams two or three times a day. Vitamin C can cause diarrhea, so you might have to cut back the dose until you discover an amount that your pet will endure.

*Eliminate toxins with a wholesome, natural diet – Giving your pet a healthy, homemade diet or high quality commercial food that does not contain corn, additives or preservatives can significantly decrease the amount of wax that the ears produce, while also helping to boost the immune system.

*Air out the ears – Increasing air flow within the ears can restrain the growth of bacteria, yeast and fungi. Trim or pluck hair in the ears periodically allowing more air to get inside.

*Strengthen the digestive tract – Supplements like bromelain and quercetin (with bromelain) can help prevent an allergic response in the gastrointestinal tract, making food allergies less of a problem.

*Stop ear infections with oil – When a disease is caused by ear mites, putting a few drops of coconut oil or olive oil in each ear will smother the mites and might allow the infection to heal. You usually need to continue the oil treatments for a few weeks, placing three to seven drops of oil into the ear canals every day. To help the treatment work more efficiently, clean wax and other debris in the ears before
using oil.

*Try an over-the-counter remedy – One of the best ways to prevent ear mites is with over-the-counter products containing pyrethrins. Produced from chrysanthemums, pyrethrins are natural insecticides that are very safe to use. Just follow the instructions on the label.

When to Call the Vet

Ear infections may look and smell awful, but they often affect only the outer region of the ear and are not too severe. If you’re not able to get to the source of the problem (particularly if your pet is still scratching a lot), you may wish to see your veterinarian to discover what is causing the issue. Vigorous scratching can break blood vessels in the earflap, causing the entire ear to swell like a balloon. This condition is known as hematoma and have to be emptied by a veterinarian to prevent permanent damage.

Other symptoms to watch out for include head tilting, clumsiness, walking in circles or drooping eyes. All these are signs of an inner-ear disease, and must be treated by a vet. Your pet will probably need antibiotics to knock out the infection. Moreover, your vet may need to drain pus and other fluids from inside the ear!

Tips For Breeding Rabbits

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The breeding stock should be selected when they reach 4 to 5 weeks old. The breeder should be selected from the largest litter. In males, it’s extremely essential to see the presence of two testicles in the scrotum as testicles descend down from the body cavity at 12 weeks of age.

  1. Extensive type of reproduction:-

Weaning here practiced is 5 to 6 weeks and re-breeding soon after weaning. Does are therefore mated once every 2.5 months. This is the best suited for tropical countries like India.

  1. Semi intensive reproduction

Weaning is practised at 4-5 weeks of age.

  1. Intensive reproduction

Weaning is at 4 months old. Mating is performed immediately after kindling. Usually this practise is followed in western nations.

Always females should be put to the pen of male to avoid fighting. Mating should be done during coolest part of the day like early morning or late evening. After successful mating the male usually generates a normal cry sound and falls down on one side of the female. Soon after the breeding the male one needs to be removed from the cage. The male shouldn’t be greater than 3 to 4 times in a week and not more than 2 to 3 times a day. The ratio of male to female is 1:10. Both genders should reach 70 percent of their adult body weight.

The breeding season is all but throughout year. But in India, fall stress is encountered during hot weather.

Signs of heat in females

  1. Restlessness, Rubbing the chin on the sides of the cage.
  1. They are spontaneous ovulators. Ovulation begins 10 hours after mating.
  2. In heat, the female rabbit accepts male, otherwise it rejects.
  3. In warmth, the female assumes a typical pose known as”lordosis” where the spine is arched downward and hind quarter is raised.
  1. After kindling (parturition), the re breeding occurs after a week in intensive management. But normally re-mating is shown one week before weaning.

Vacation Destinations

Cinque Terre, Village, Night

But, perhaps you do not have a particular location in mind and are looking for some vacation destinations to choose from. From there, finding vacation destinations is simple.

Perhaps you are searching for information on some of the major name vacation destinations like Disney World, Las Vegas, or the Bahamas? Finding information on these vacation destinations is simple as it is everywhere you look. Or, maybe you want a particular type of holiday like a tropical island, a beach, or a ski resort? There are exotic holiday destinations and family oriented vacation destinations. The sky is the limit.

To find information regarding different holiday destinations, it is no longer necessary to visit the travel agent or even the library. There is a wealth of information on the internet which you can get right from your dwelling. It’s as easy as doing a web search for one of the many vacation planning websites. One great example is where you’ll find many options in vacation destinations.

Now, back to the budget we proceed. While we can look at all kinds of vacation destinations and place our dreams high, don’t forget to understand that all vacation destinations will cost you something. Remember to think about hotel lodging, airfare or transportation to the place, car rentals, meals, drinks, taxes, tips, and spending money. You may choose to see a vacation destination where there are a lot of sites to visit. Realize that most likely you will have to pay a per person fee to find attractions or to rent equipment. There are several items to include in your budget. Once you have completed this you may consider which holiday destination will be ideal for you.

Fun Facts About Chocolate

Chocolates, Food, Candy, Calories

Here are so many weird and wonderful fun facts about chocolate, it’s tough to know which to include and which to omit because of space considerations.

To start with, the Mayans used cacao beans as money as they believed that they were more valuable than gold dust. They controlled the production of beans in order that their currency would not depreciate in value.

White chocolate isn’t strictly speaking chocolate. We have been labouring under a misapprehension for many years. Chocolate has to contain cocoa solids, but white chocolate doesn’t have any in it.

Where was the largest chocolate bar produced? In the UK; it was created by Thornton’s for its centenary. It was a record breaker, weighing 5,792.50 kilograms.

Toblerone is so popular that if the amount of bars sold annually were to be placed end to end, they would stretch to 62,000km. That is more than the Earth’s circumference.

Chocolate contains theobromine which s a very powerful stimulant. If you consume too much of it, it may prove fatal. However, you would have to eat around 22 pounds of the stuff in a single sitting, which is not really possible. Theobromine poisoning causes seizures, heart failure, dehydration, and severe kidney damage.

Chocolate chip cookies, adored by many around the world, came into being due to an accident which happened in 1930. Ruth Wakefield ran out of cooking chocolate, but undeterred she used pieces of chocolate in her biscuit dough. The chocolate she used was Nestles, and she later sold her recipe to the company in return for a life’s supply of chocolate.

A pound of chocolate contains 400 cocoa beans and a cacao tree will create around 2,500 beans. The beans are the seeds of the cacao tree. These trees are delicate and cocoa farmers lose about 30 percent of the crop every year.

Early people fermented the pods of the cacao beans to produce drinks aside from chocolate.

Montezuma, the Aztec emperor used to drink 50 cups of chocolate each day. These were served in a golden chalice.

Every November in Germany, people celebrate Saint Martin’s Day with sweets and mugs of steaming hot chocolate.

Tips You Should Know Before You Go Kayaking

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Like cycling, kayaking is a simple but great sport for beginners. All you will need to do is spend a few hours and you’ll be all set. Before you go kayaking, make sure you understand the basic skills. Given below are the top 6 hints that might help you get started.

First of all, you should get a kayaking lesson. Even though it is not rocket science, you might be unable to do it properly the first time. In fact, you may waste a good deal of time learning how to paddle.

These lessons won’t cost you an arm and a leg. You can search online to find a good training centre around you.

2) Get the Correct Clothing

On a hot sunny day, you might be tempted to go for shorts. However, you will need to bear in mind that the temperature of this water can be quite low. The water may be ice cold. Therefore, you may want to put on clothes that can keep you warm in the cold water.

3) Opt for the Right Boat

Kayaks are of several different sorts, such as small freestyle play boats and narrow racing boats. What you need to do is learn at a basic, recreational kayak dependent on the sort of water you are going to paddle on. As an example, if you are going to paddle on a lake, it is better to get a flat water boat. For beginners, sit-on-top kayaks are an ideal choice for ease of use.

4) Go for a Buoyancy Aid

You need a buoyancy aid as well. This is an important matter whether you are an experienced paddler or just a beginner. In other words, you need life jackets that can allow you to move your neck and arms more easily. Even if you’re an experienced swimmer, experts suggest that you use a buoyancy aid. You don’t want to get into trouble.

5) Learn to Sit the Right way

Before you start paddling, ensure that you learn how to sit in the kayak the ideal way. Although kayaks feature comfortable backrests, you don’t need to slouch. What you need to do is sit up straight. Your butts and lower back should be at 90 degrees.

On either side of your kayak, you can see foot pegs you could rest your feet on. Ensure that your feet are pointing outwards while the heels towards the middle.

6) Learn to hold the Paddle

Lots of people don’t know how to hold the paddle the right way. The right way is to hold it with both hands. The distance between your hands should be equal to the space between your shoulders. The concave area of the kayak blade should be facing you. Your knuckles should be in line with the kayak blade.

So, be certain you follow these tips before going kayaking.

Things to Know When Buying a BBQ Grill

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Do you enjoy eating outdoors? Lots of individuals enjoy the fresh air and attractive perspectives available at many camping areas or sometimes from their own yard. 1 way to get the most from having a meal outdoors is by cooking it yourself over a barbecue grill, which is not so difficult if you become acquainted with a couple of safety tips and useful hints. But before reaching that point, you will want to buy a suitable grill for outdoor use. Here are some tips that may help you select one that will suit your lifestyle.

  1. A $50 charcoal brazier might fit your budget best for now. Over time, you could save a few hundred dollars to buy a more deluxe version with an outdoor light and optional side shelves. Plan your purchase before walking to the store so that you will not be talked into spending more than you can afford.
  2. Select a preferred manner of cooking grill. Some folks prefer the conventional method of charcoal briquettes which are ignited by lighter fluid. Other people like to use a plug-in electric model that cooks more evenly. Some outside cooks want to use a gas grill. Each style requires the purchase or preparation and storage or maintenance of gas components such as charcoal, kerosene, gas, or electrical outlets.
  3. Carefully choose the most useful auxiliary items. Don’t be lured into paying hundreds of dollars more for items you won’t use. You can purchase stainless steel casings, a heating section, burner controls, a nighttime light, the barbeque utensil kit, and a slew of other options which look great at the store but may sit idle at home. You can always add more features later if you feel they are needed.
  4. Shop for the best deal. Try to plan ahead and purchase your grill at the end of the summer when patio and yard items go on sale. Compare styles, expenses, and characteristics among various shops, and inquire about sales events or rebates to further reduce the price tag.
  5. Have a storage area in mind. To create your barbeque last, get one that will match a suitable location in the garage, shed, patio, or basement. You may want to invest in a plastic or other type of cover to help prevent rust and mould.

If you plan to cook outside, it may be helpful to have a look at patio furniture or a picnic table when you shop for a barbecue. Sometimes you can purchase a certain amount of product and get a ten percent or greater discount. To cut costs, think about using paper plates and plastic table service for guests or family. If desired, you can always use regular dishes for special occasions.

Tips for Holiday Travel with Pets

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Most people travel for their holiday parties and they generally take their family together. There are a few that just can’t live without their pets as well. If you would like to travel with your pet you need to plan ahead to make the journey pleasant and comfortable for both you and the creature.

· Traveling by Car

If you’re going for a road trip for the holidays, make sure that you do not let the pet loose inside your vehicle. You can get your pet a safety harness which can be attached to your car’s seat belt system. Or you can just put your pet in a cage. A pet carrier is also a good idea, but could be more expensive also. Always put your pet in the back seat.

· Traveling by Air

If you’re flying to your destination, a pet carrier is a must to comply with airline regulations. Check with the airlines concerning the pet carrier measurements to make certain you will be buying the right-sized one.

For international traveling, you will need certain documents for your pet before you can take it with you. It would best if you can give at least 6 weeks allowance to start taking care of the papers.

Don’t travel with your pet if you don’t have it checked and vaccinated from the veterinarian. Always carry your pet’s current health certificate along with the record of vaccinations.

· Pet Foods

Take loads of pet foods; you can never be certain if your pets’ favorite brand of pet foods will be available at your destination, so it’s better to be sure.

· Feeding Instructions

If you are flying, feed your pet with a light bite 5 to 6 hours prior to departure. Do not give your pet any liquid two hours before departure. If you are going by the car, try not to feed your pet while you are moving.

Whether you are taking your pet for international or domestic traveling, it’s better if you can attach an ID label to your pet. The ID tag must contain your home address and telephone number in addition to your destination’s address and phone number.

Before you take off it’s also important to check if your furry friend is going to be welcome at your destination. If you’re visiting relatives, you will need to let them know you will be bringing your pet. If you’re staying at a hotel, check about the accommodation’s rules and regulations regarding pets.

Also be certain that your pet is travel-ready. Animals can be fidgety than kids during long journeys. If your pet hasn’t been anywhere else but home, you can start making him travel-ready by taking him into the supermarket, the park or at the mall.

Finally, try to be as individual as possible. You want to understand that you are not going to deal with your pet alone; you’re also going to have to manage other people’s reaction to your pet.

Safety Tips For Hunting Day

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When hunting season approaches each year, many eager gun or bow shooters make ready to hit the wilds and bag their pretty. But what many fail to take into account is the need to protect themselves in the wilds of fierce weather, especially when hunting during the late fall or winter seasons.

  1. Get loads of sleep beforehand. Since hunters sometimes take to the forests at any hour of the day or night, and since they must keep still in their stands while waiting for prey to approach, it is natural to become sleepy at times. But falling asleep can be dangerous due to the risk of hypothermia or falling from a tree, if that is your perch. Avoid taking medications that can make you drowsy, unless you really need them.
  2. Eat a healthy meal prior to going. Somebody who is dehydrated or hungry can more quickly become cold, lacking fuel to heat their bodies adequately. It can help to feed on protein and complex carbohydrates. Even certain types of fat can be great as far as helping to insulate your body. Drink eight ounces of fluid every couple of hours unless you are expending lots of energy in chasing your victim, in which case you’ll need to drink more often.
  3. Avoid alcohol and caffeine. Either of these can provide a false sense of warmth that may lead you into removing a scarf, gloves, or other clothes or render you vulnerable to the cold. Caffeine can interfere with your flow, also, so stick to decaf on the day of your outing. In addition, alcohol use may impair your judgment, which may lead to further problems while searching in the cold.
  4. Dress in layers. Expert hunters are familiar with the regular hunting clothes they can get at sports equipment shops or department stores. You need insulated or thermal underwear, shirts and pants, and even overalls or a cover suit to protect your skin from the elements. Don’t forget a hat, gloves, boots (with thermal socks), and sunglasses if you plan to be out during the day. If at any time you begin to feel chill and shiver, it’s time to go in for the day, as your body temperature is dipping too low for safety.
  5. Don’t forget the security equipment. Besides appropriate weapons and licenses, you might want to bring along a map or a GPS, a woodman’s knife, a thermos of hot liquid in the event you become chilled or thirsty, and some sort of communication device, like a cell phone. Let someone know where you will be and when you will return so if something happens, they will know where to start looking for you.

Taking a couple of sensible precautions like these will help make your hunting trip enjoyable and profitable while keeping you secure in the deal

Heartworm Treatment for Cats and Dogs

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The treatment for heartworms is different for cats and dogs. Do not ever give medicine intended for a cat to your dog or vice versa.

Once your pet has heartworms the treatment isn’t easy. You want to rid your pet of heartworms but many factors need to be looked at before proceeding. Your veterinarian will have to do many tests to determine how many worms your pet has, how it’s affecting your pet and if your pet can handle the side effects of the medication.

Let’s first look at the treatment of heartworms for dogs. The first thing that will have to be done is an evaluation of your dog and what treatment is necessary to stabilize them for treatment for heartworms and then the removal of all of the heartworms and larvae.

The adult heartworms will be killed first, then comes the creatures and the microfilaria. Both have to kill with different treatments. There are side effects that can occur that are extremely dangerous to your dog while ridding them of the adult heartworm. The arteries are already inflamed by the presence of these worms but as the worms decompose the arteries can become more inflamed and your dog will have to be watched carefully for things like this that may occur during treatment. Sometimes, according to how infested your dog is with heartworms, he may need to stay in the hospital for proper care. Talking with your veterinarian will ease your mind and let you know the best options for your dog.

Cats are very difficult to treat for heartworms. The side effects of the dying worms cause at least one third of the cats treated life threatening issues. Cats can’t also take a few of the medications available for eliminating heartworms. Your veterinarian will have to do many tests to determine if your cat should undergo treatment.

Like all disease prevention is much better than the treatment. Before your pet can get heartworm disease talk with your vet and find medications that can prevent heartworms in your pet from ever occurring.

Snow Birds

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Look, there’s a robin in the backyard pulling on a long and juicy looking earthworm. Spring has to be right around the corner. The bill, presently being used to hold onto that pig, is mainly yellow with a variably dark tip. Some may argue that the dark tip is a consequence of digging for those juicy earthworms. Did the robins leave again? No, listen, there are a few of them singing around in the trees. Regardless of the drastic weather change, Spring has to be almost here.

Do robins actually mean Spring is nearly here? The solution is, it depends. What we do know is that some robins migrate, others might not. They appear to go where food is easily available. They typically have a mixed diet of backyard bugs such as earthworms, beetles, grubs, grasshoppers, and those cute caterpillars. This constitutes around forty percent of the food source. The balance is largely from wild and cultivated berries and fruits. As a result of their ability to switch over to fruits and berries, robins tend to stay much further north in the winter, than many birds. If the place has a fantastic source of berries throughout the winter, the robin will remain around.

A driving factor of visiting the robin from the garden at the end of winter, is that the thawing of the earth, the arrival of rain, and the earthworms moving around. An interesting fact is that earthworms come to the surface during rain to stop from drowning in their hole. The temporarily wet conditions give worms a chance to move safely to new places. Since worms breathe through their skin, the skin must stay moist for the oxygen to pass through it. After rain, or during high humidity, worms can move around without dehydrating. As most of us know, the earthworm is not a speed demon and thus is an easy target for waiting robins. Reality is, robins don’t need to wait. They have both terrific vision and listening abilities. Frequently a robin can be observed hoping around, turning its head in multiple directions. This is the robin detecting movement of its prey, either on the surface or underground. The hunt is on and usually ends with a robin win.

Once Spring has arrived and the robin can be seen daily now, it isn’t long before the breeding season begins. The robin is one of the first birds to lay eggs as the warmer temperatures return. Their normal breeding season occurs from April through July. In this time span, most robins will have two to three broods. Since deciduous trees do not foliage until sometime in May, most early nests are constructed in some kind of evergreen tree or shrub. The robin will rebuild their nest for another couple of broods mainly in deciduous trees. They lay three to five lovely light blue eggs. The eggs hatch in two days. Amazingly two weeks later the young can be seen flying and hopping around. So, if we do the math, one North American robin could have around fifteen chicks a year. No sense in trying to lure a robin in your bird house . They aren’t cavity nesters. A stage nailed to a tree or bush has a much greater prospect of attracting a nesting robin.

The most vulnerable time for the robin, like many birds, is during the nesting period. Having said this, the mature bird can also be vulnerable, especially when distracted while feeding. The robin has threats both on the ground and in the air. Cats, dogs, and snakes will seek them out on the ground. From the air, almost every variety of hawk, eagle, falcon, and owl dine on robins. You will find more than twenty-eight varieties of raptorial birds, trying to find a robin lunch. Despite this, the robin is a powerful species with a count of over 320 million members. With these sort of numbers, we will continue to enjoy seeing and hearing our first robin arrival of the Spring season.